Interview with Mary Stella Simpson, October 31, 1993
Project: American College of Nurse Midwives Oral History Project
Interview SummaryThe interview covers the beginnings of ACNM, its presidents from 1957-1973, and what these women, among others, set out to achieve. Sister Simpson discusses "family centered care programs" and "health care reform". It was important to find acceptance of nurse midwives in the medical professions, either the schools of nursing or the medical schools, but also within administration. Sister Simpson describes in detail her experiences in "Frontier Nursing" in Mississippi. Reference is made to Mary Breckinridge, director of FNS-Frontier Nursing Service, Kentucky. She shows that nurse midwives gained more independence and equality because, in the rural setting, the physician often did not have time to travel the long distances in a service area of 500 square miles. As Sister Simpson puts it in the beginning, "nurse midwives and MDs passed the same exams in Indiana".
Matousek tells about a recent renewal of demands of family practice physicians for primary care being their responsibility, while secondary care is the task of nurse midwives. The successful fight in the 1950s had been for full independence of nurse midwives and practitioners requiring physicians to provide medical care at delivery. Now, 30-40 years later, the definition of the responsibilities of nurse midwives is again fought over.
Interview RightsAll rights to the interviews, including but not restricted to legal title, copyrights and literary property rights, have been transferred to the University of Kentucky Libraries.
Interview UsageInterviews may be reproduced with permission from Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries.
Interviews may be reproduced with permission from Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries.
All rights to the interviews, including but not restricted to legal title, copyrights and literary property rights, have been transferred to the University of Kentucky Libraries.
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Simpson, Mary Stella Interview by Irene Matousek. 31 Oct. 1993. Lexington, KY: Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries.
Simpson, M.S. (1993, October 31). Interview by I. Matousek. American College of Nurse Midwives Oral History Project. Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington.
Simpson, Mary Stella, interview by Irene Matousek. October 31, 1993, American College of Nurse Midwives Oral History Project, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries.
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